Ancestors of Adam and Emma Jackson

Robert de GREY [Parents]-G2801 # was born about 1127 in Rotherfield Greys, Oxfordshire.

He had the following children.

  M i Henry de GREY-G2701 # was born in 1155. He died after 1224.
  M ii
John de GREY-G2702 was born about 1163 in Rotherfield Greys, Oxfordshire. He died on 18 Oct 1214 in Saint-Jean-d'Angély, Poitou, France. He was buried on 25 Oct 1214 in Norwich Cathedral, Norwich, Norfolk.

John was a younger son of Robert de Grey of Rotherfield Greys in Oxfordshire and descended from the Norman  knight, Anchetil de Greye  He entered Prince John's service by 1196 and was keeper of John's seal by 1198. After John's accession in 1199 he was rapidly promoted in the church, becoming Archdeacon of Cleveland in March 1200 and Archdeacon of Gloucester  before April 1200, then quickly being elected Bishop of Norwich in September 1200. He was elected about 7 September and was consecrated on 24 September. He also served as King John's secretary.

In 1203 he went with Archbishop Hubert Walter of Canterbury on a diplomatic mission to King Philip II of France.

He was instrumental in securing the selection of his nephew Walter de Grey, Archbishop of York, as Lord Chancellor (1215 to 1255).

King John's attempt to force him into the primate's office of Archbishop of Canterbury in 1205 started the king's long quarrel with Pope Innocent III. After Hubert Walter's death in July of 1205 the selection of a successor was hindered by doubts about what the proper procedure should be. King John postponed a decision while delegations from both the bishops of England and the monks of the cathedral chapter went to Rome to seek guidance from the pope. However, while the delegations were in Rome, the monks of Canterbury decided to hold a secret election and elected their prior Reginald to be archbishop. Reginald was sent to Rome to join the delegation. When King John found out that the monks had elected someone without any regal input he forced the monks to elect John de Grey as archbishop. Some stories have the election of Reginald taking place before the sending of the first delegation to the curia. Another source, Gervase of Canterbury, has the king telling the chapter they could choose their own nominee after six months, while the king secretly sent envoys to Rome to secure the election of de Grey.

John de Grey was postulated to Canterbury on 11 December 1205 and the nomination was quashed by Pope Innocent III  about 30 March 1206, along with Reginald's claim. The monks then elected, with Innocent's approval, Stephen Langton.

John de Grey was a hard-working royal official, in finance, in justice, in action, using his position to enrich himself and his family. In 1209 he went to Ireland to govern it as governor. He adopted a forward policy, attempting to extend the English frontier northward and westward, and fought a number of campaigns on the River Shannon and in Fermanagh. But in 1212 he suffered a great defeat in Fircal in County Offaly. He assimilated the coinage of Ireland to that of England, and tried to effect a similar reform in Irish law.

During the interdict that Pope Innocent III placed on England during King John's reign, de Grey stayed in England and helped to govern the kingdom, even after the king was excommunicated, along with Peter des Roches, Bishop of Winchester.

He was a good financier, and could always raise money: this probably explains the favour he enjoyed from King John. In 1213 he is found with 500 knights at the great muster at Barham Downs, when Philip Augustus was threatening to invade England. When John and the pope concluded the treaty where John gave England to the pope and received it back as a vassal, John de Grey was one of the witnesses to the treaty. After John's reconciliation with Innocent, de Grey was one of those exempted from the general pardon, and was forced to go in person to Rome to obtain it. In Rome he so completely gained over Innocent that the pope sent him back with papal letters recommending his election to the bishopry of Durham but he died at Saint-Jean-d'Angély in Poitou on his homeward journey on 18 October 1214. He was buried in Norwich Cathedral.

William de WARENNE 2nd Earl of Surrey [Parents]-W3101 # was born about 1065. He died on 11 May 1138 in Lewes, Sussex. He was buried in the Chapter House, Lewes Priory, Sussex. William married Elizabeth de VERMANDOIS-V3101 # about 1118 in France.

William de Warenne, 2nd Earl of Surrey (died 1138), was the son of William de Warenne, 1st Earl of Surrey and his first wife Gundred. He is more often referred to as Earl Warenne or Earl of Warenne than as Earl of Surrey.

In January 1091, William assisted Hugh of Grantmesnil (d.1094) in his defense of Courcy against the forces of Robert de Belleme and Duke Robert.

Sometime around 1093 he tried to marry Matilda (or Edith), daughter of king Malcolm III of Scotland. She instead married Henry I of England and this may be the cause of William's great dislike of Henry I, which was to be his apparent motivator in the following years.

He accompanied Robert Curthose (Duke Robert) in his 1101 invasion of England, and afterwards lost his English lands and titles and was exiled to Normandy. There he complained to Curthose that he expended great effort on the duke's behalf and had in return lost most of his possessions. Curthose's return to England in 1103 was apparently made to convince his brother to restore William's earldom. This was successful, though Curthose had to give up all he had received after the 1101 invasion, and subsequently William was loyal to Henry.

To further insure William's loyalty Henry considered marrying him to one of his many illegitimate daughters. He was however dissuaded by Archbishop Anselm of Canterbury, for any of the daughters would have been within the prohibited degrees of consanguinity. The precise nature of the consanguineous relationship Anselm had in mind has been much debated, but it is most likely he was referring to common descent from the father of duchess Gunnor.

William was one of the commanders on Henry's side (against Robert Curthose) at the Battle of Tinchebray in 1106. Afterwards, with his loyalty thus proven, he became more prominent in Henry's court.

In 1110, Curthose's son William Clito escaped along with Helias of Saint-Saens, and afterwards Warenne received the forfeited Saint-Saens lands, which were very near his own in upper Normandy. By this maneuver king Henry further assured his loyalty, for the successful return of Clito would mean at the very least Warenne's loss of this new territory.

In 1118 William acquired the royal-blooded bride he desired when married Elizabeth de Vermandois. She was a daughter of count Hugh of Vermandois, a son of Henry I of France, and was the widow of Robert de Beaumont, 1st Earl of Leicester.

He fought at the Battle of Bremule in 1119, and was at Henry's deathbed in 1135.

William's death is recorded as 11 May 1138 in the register of Lewes priory and he was buried with his father at the chapter-house there.

Elizabeth de VERMANDOIS [Parents]-V3101 # was born in 1085. She died on 13/13 Feb 1131/1132 in Lewes, Sussex. She was buried in the Chapter House, Lewes Priory, Sussex. Elizabeth married William de WARENNE 2nd Earl of Surrey-W3101 # about 1118 in France.

Other marriages:
BEAUMONT, Robert de Count of Meulan , 1st Earl of Leicester

Elizabeth de Vermandois, or Elisabeth or Isabel de Vermandois, is a fascinating figure about whose descendants and ancestry much is known and about whose character and life relatively little is known. She was twice married to influential Anglo-Norman magnates, and had several children (among whose descendants are numbered many kings and some queens of England and Scotland). Her Capetian and Carolingian ancestry was a source of much pride for some of these descendants (who included these arms as quarterings in their coats-of-arms. However, the lady herself led a somewhat controversial life.

She was the third daughter of Hugh Magnus (a son of Henry I of France) and Adele of Vermandois. Her paternal grandparents were Henry I of France and Anne of Kiev. Her maternal grandparents were Herbert IV of Vermandois and Adele of Vexin.

Her mother was the heiress of the county of Vermandois, and descendant of a junior patrilineal line of descent from Charlemagne. The first Count of Vermandois was Pepin of Vermandois. He was a son of Bernard of Italy, grandson of Pippin of Italy and great-grandson of Charlemagne and Hildegard.

As such, Elizabeth had distinguished ancestry and connections. Her father was a younger brother of Philip I of France and her mother was among the last Carolingians. She was also distantly related to the Kings of England, the Dukes of Normandy, the Counts of Flanders and through her Carolingian ancestors to practically every major nobleman in Western Europe.

Countess of Leicester
In 1096, while under age (and probably aged 9 or 11), Elizabeth married Robert de Meulan, 1st Earl of Leicester. Meulan was over 35 years her senior, which was an unusual age difference even for this time period. He was a nobleman of some significance in France, having inherited lands from his maternal uncle Henry, Count of Meulan, and had fought bravely and with distinction at his first battle, the Battle of Hastings in 1066 then aged only 16. His parents Roger de Beaumont, Lord of Beaumont-le-Roger and Pont-Audemar and Adeline of Meulan, heiress of Meulan had died long before; Roger had been a kinsman and close associate of William the Conqueror. Meulan had inherited lands in Normandy after his father died circa 1089, and had also been given lands in the Kingdom of England after his participation in the Norman conquest of England. However, at the time of the marriage, he held no earldom in England while his younger brother was already styled Henry de Beaumont, 1st Earl of Warwick.

Planche states that the bride (Elizabeth) agreed willingly to the marriage, although this means little in the context. Despite the immense age difference, this was a good marriage for its times. Meulan was a respected advisor to three reigning monarchs: William II of England, Robert Curthose of Normandy and Philip I of France.

According to Middle Ages custom, brides were often betrothed young - 8 being the legal age for betrothal and 12 for marriage (for women). The young betrothed wife would often go to her husband's castle to be raised by his parents or other relatives and to learn the customs and ways of her husband's family. The actual wedding would not take place until much later. Some genealogists speculate that the usual age at which a noble bride could expect the marriage to be consummated would be 14. This is consistent with the date of birth of Elizabeth's first child Emma in 1102 when she would be about 15 to 17.

The marriage produced several children, including most notably two sons who were twins (born 1104), and thus remarkable in both surviving and both becoming important noblemen. They are better known to historians of this period as the Beaumont twins, or as Waleran de Beaumont, Count of Meulan and his younger twin Robert Bossu (the Humpback) or Robert de Beaumont, 2nd Earl of Leicester. (Readers of Ellis Peters' Cadfael historical mystery series will find both twins mentioned frequently). Another notable child of this marriage was Elisabeth or Isabel de Beaumont, one of the youngest mistresses of Henry I of England and later mother (by her first marriage) of Richard Strongbow.

Countess of Surrey
Elizabeth, Countess of Meulan apparently tired of her aging husband at some point during the marriage. The historian Planche says (1874) that the Countess was seduced by or fell in love with a younger nobleman, William de Warenne (c. 1071-11 May 1138) himself the thwarted suitor of Edith of Scotland, Queen consort of Henry I of England. Warenne was said to want a royal bride, and Elizabeth fitted his requirements, even though she was also another man's wife.

In 1115, the Countess was apparently carried off or abducted by Warenne, which abduction apparently concealed a long-standing affair. There was some kind of separation or divorce between Meulan and his wife, which however did not permit her to marry her lover. The elderly Count of Meulan died, supposedly of chagrin and mortification in being thus publicly humiliated, in the Abbey of Preaux, Normandy on 5 June 1118, leaving his properties to his two elder sons whom he had carefully educated.

Elizabeth then married (secondly) William de Warenne, 2nd Earl of Surrey. By him, it is alleged, she already had several children (all born during her marriage to Meulan). She also had at least one daughter born while she was living out of wedlock with Warenne (1115-1118). It is unclear whether this daughter was Ada de Warenne, wife of Henry of Scotland or Gundrede de Warenne, wife of Roger de Beaumont, 2nd Earl of Warwick (her half-brothers' first cousin).

The later life of Elizabeth de Vermandois is not known. Her sons by her first marriage appear to have a good relationship with their half-brother William de Warenne, 3rd Earl of Surrey although on opposing sides for much of the wars between Stephen and Matilda. Her eldest son Waleran, Count of Meulan was active in supporting the disinherited heir William Clito, son of Robert Curthose until captured by King Henry. He was not released until Clito's death without issue in 1128. Her second son Robert inherited his father's English estates and the earldom of Leicester and married the heiress of the Fitzosbern counts of Breteuil. Her daughter Isabel however became a king's concubine or mistress at a young age; it is unclear whether her mother's own life or her eldest brother's political and personal travails in this period played any part in this decision. Before her mother died, Isabel had become wife of Gilbert de Clare, later (1147) Earl of Pembroke, so had adopted a more conventional life like her mother.

They had the following children.

  M i William de WARENNE 3rd Earl of Surrey-W3001 # was born in 1118. He died on 08/08 Jan 1147/1148.
  F ii Ada de WARENNE-W3004 was born about 1120. She died in 1178.
  F iii
Gundrada de WARENNE-W3005 was born about 1122 in Warwick, Warwickshire. She died after 1165 in Warwickshire.

Gundrada de Warenne, married first Roger de Beaumont, 2nd Earl of Warwick, and second William, lord of Kendal. She is most remembered for expelling king Stephen's garrison from Warwick Castle.
  M iv
Reginald de WARENNE-W3002 died after 1170.

Reginald de Warenne, who inherited his father's property in upper Normandy, including the castles of Bellencombre and Mortemer. He married Adeline, daughter of William, lord of Wormgay in Norfolk, by whom he had a son William (founder of the priory of Wormegay), whose daughter and sole heir Beatrice married first Dodo, lord Bardolf, and secondly Hubert de Burgh; Reginald was one of the persecutors of Archbishop Thomas in 1170.
  M v
Ralph de WARENNE-W3003.

William de WARENNE 1st Earl of Surrey-W3201 # was born about 1045. He died on 24 Jun 1088 in Lewes, Sussex from from wounds he received at the Siege of Pevensey while helping suppress the Rebellion of 1088. He was buried in the Chapter House, Lewes Priory, Sussex. William married Gundred about 1064.

William, came from Normandy, and was a distant cousin of William the Conqueror (his grandmother having been the sister of Gunnora, wife of Richard I. of Normandy). He received large grants of land in recognition of the distinguished part he took at the battle of Hastings. He had large grants of land in several counties among which were the barony of Lewes, in Sussex, and the manors of Carletune and Benington, in Lincolnshire. So extensive indeed were those grants that his possessions resembled more the dominions of a sovereign prince than the estates of a subject. He enjoyed, too, in the highest degree, the confidence of the king, and was appointed joint Justice-General, with Richard de Benefactis, for administering justice throughout the whole realm. While in that office, some great disturbers of the public peace having refused to appear before him and his colleague, in obedience to citation, the Earl took up arms, and defeated the rebels in a battle at Fagadune, when he is said, for the purpose of striking terror, to have cut off the right foot of each of his prisoners. Of these rebels, Ralph Wahir or Gauder, Earl of Norfolk, and Roger, Earl of Hereford, were the ringleaders. He was likewise highly esteemed by King William Rufus, and in 1088 was created by that monarch the first Earl of Surrey.

William lived in Bellencombe, Seine Inferieure, France for a time.

Both William and his wife Gundrada chose to be buried in Lewes Priory. St. John's Chapel received the remains of William & Gundred de Warren after their lead coffins were discovered by railway workmen digging on the site of the Priory chapter house. On the floor of the Chapel rests the exquisite Gundrada tombslab of 1160 carved in black Tournai marble with great skill by Flemish master-craftsmen. Decorative features include palmettes and animal heads with a running inscription starting from a Greek cross at the top which bisects the slab lengthwise.

Gundred died on 27 May 1085 in Castle Acre, Norfolk. She was buried in Lewes Priory, Sussex. Gundred married William de WARENNE 1st Earl of Surrey-W3201 # about 1064.

Gundred died in childbirth 27th May 1085 at Castle Acre Norfolk where the family had built a Cluniac priory, and was buried in the Priory of Lewes in Sussex. Four of her children matured: William Son & Heir, Reginald, Gundred, and Edith.

They had the following children.

  M i William de WARENNE 2nd Earl of Surrey-W3101 # was born about 1065. He died on 11 May 1138.
  F ii
Edith de WARENNE-W3102 was born in From 1070 to 1074.
  M iii
Reynold de WARENNE-W3103 was born about 1082. He died before 1118.

Reynold (or Reginald, or Rainauld) inherited lands from his mother in Flanders, fought on side of Duke Robert in 1090 and taken prisoner at Dive in 1106, and died before 1118
  F iv
Gundred de WARENNE-W3104.

David John BOULTWOOD [Parents]-B0109.

Barbara WHITTLE-W0113.

They had the following children.

  M i Paul BOULTWOOD-B0015.
  F ii Julie BOULTWOOD-B0016.

Edward HOWSON [Parents]-H0402 # was born in Aug 1850 in Little Bolton, Lancashire. He died 1 about May 1922 in Blackburn, Lancashire. Edward married 2 Ellen BARKER about Aug 1911 in Blackburn, Lancashire.

Edward was counted in a census on 30 Mar 1851 in 5, Back Lane Street, Little Bolton, Lancashire. He was described as Son aged 8 months. He was counted in a census on 08 Apr 1861 in 33, Starkie Street, Blackburn, Lancashire. He was described as Brother aged 10 years, a Scholar,. He was counted in a census on 03 Apr 1881 in 100, Oxford Street, Blackburn, Lancashire. He was described as Head of family, married, aged 32 years, working as a General Labourer,. He was counted in a census on 05 Apr 1891 in 100, Oxford Street, Blackburn, Lancashire. He was described as Head of family, married, aged 40 years and working as General Carter. He was counted in a census on 31 Mar 1901 in 201, Higher Audley Street, Blackburn. He was described as Head of family, married, aged 51 years, working as a Labourer in Cotton Mill. He was counted in a census on 02 Apr 1911 in 4, Walter Street, Blackburn, Lancashire. He was described as Boarder, Widower aged 61 years, working as a Labourer in a Coal Yard,. Strange to be described as a Boarder when he was the father of the Head of Household.

Other marriages:

The following addresses for Edward, all in Blackburn, are recorded in his son Alfred's Army Records.

12 Apr 1917 - 7, Fort St
15 Mar 1919 - 4, Walter St
11 Aug 1919 - 59, Snape St
2 Feb 1920 - 59, Snape St

Ellen BARKER died in ?. Ellen married 1 Edward HOWSON-H0402 # about Aug 1911 in Blackburn, Lancashire.

No reference number has been assigned to Ellen because Barker may not be her birth surname. The fact that Edward was 61 and a widower when they married could suggest that Ellen was also a widow.

Sir John le STRANGE 2nd Lord Strange of Blackmere [Parents] 1, 2-S2302 # was born on 25/25 Jan 1305/1306 in Blackmere, Shropshire. He died on 21 Jul 1349. Sir married Ankaret le BOTELER-B2306 # before 20 May 1327.

Second Lord Strange of Blackmere, of Whitchurch (in Blackmere), Corfham (in Diddlebury), Wrockwardine, Sutton Maddock and Cheswardine in Shropshire; Badgeworth in Gloucestershire.

He was summoned to Parliament from 23rd Oct 1330 to 20 Apr 1344 by writs directed Johanni Lestraunge, and on 1 Jan and 10 Mar 1348/9 by writs Johanni Lestraunge de Blakemere.

He was granted free warren in his demesne lands at Whitchurch, Corfham, Wrockwardine, etc in Shropshire and other places.

He fought in Scotland in 1335 and 1336, in France 1342, 1345 and 1347. In 1346, he accompanied the king to Normandy and was present at Crećy and Calais.

Ankaret le BOTELER [Parents] 1, 2-B2306 # was born about 1312 in Wem, Shropshire. She died on 08 Oct 1361 in Fairstead, Essex. Ankaret married Sir John le STRANGE 2nd Lord Strange of Blackmere-S2302 # before 20 May 1327.

Other marriages:
FERRERS, Sir Thomas de

Surname also often recorded as BOTILER or BOTILLER.

Marriage Notes:

Her maritagium included the manor of Dodington, Shropshire.

They had the following children.

  M i
Fulk le STRANGE 3rd Lord Strange of Blackmere-S2204 died about 1349.
  M ii Sir John le STRANGE 4th Lord Strange of Blackmere-S2203 was born about 19 Apr 1332. He died on 12 May 1361.
  F iii Eleanor le STRANGE-S2202 # was born in 1337. She died on 20 Apr 1396.
  M iv
Hamon le STRANGE-S2205.

Sir Fulk STRANGE Lord of Blackmere [Parents] 1-S2401 # was born about 1267 in Longnor, Shropshire. He died on 23/23 Jan 1324/1325. Sir married Eleanor GIFFARD-G2403 # about 1296.

Eleanor GIFFARD [Parents]-G2403 # was born about 1275 in Brimpsfield, GLO. She died before 23/23 Jan 1324/1325. Eleanor married Sir Fulk STRANGE Lord of Blackmere 1-S2401 # about 1296.

They had the following children.

  M i Sir John le STRANGE 2nd Lord Strange of Blackmere-S2302 # was born on 25/25 Jan 1305/1306. He died on 21 Jul 1349.

Robert le STRANGE [Parents] 1-S2503 # was born about 1228 in Hunstanton, Norfolk. He died in Aug 1276 in Litcham, Norfolk. Robert married Eleanor de WHITCHURCH 1-W2501 # about 1264.

Eleanor de WHITCHURCH 1-W2501 # was born about 1236 in Blancminster, Norfolk. She died in 1304. Eleanor married Robert le STRANGE 1-S2503 # about 1264.

They had the following children.

  M i Sir Fulk STRANGE Lord of Blackmere-S2401 # was born about 1267. He died on 23/23 Jan 1324/1325.

Sir John III le STRANGE Lord of Knockin 1-S2602 # was born about 1194 in Cheswardine, Shropshire. He died before 26 May 1269 in Knockin, Shropshire. Sir married Lucy de TREGOZ 2-T2601 # about 1225.

He was serving in Poitou in 1214.
In May 1231, the King granted to him and his heirs the manor of Wrockwardine.
In 1232, and frequenty thereafter, he was appointed to see that the truce with Llewelyn was observed on both sides.
In 1235, he was Constable of Montgomery, and on 24 Oct 1236 he was appointed sheriff of Salop and Shropshire, as well as Justice of Chester in late 1240 to early 1241.
He was summoned in Aug 1260 to Chester, in Oct 1261 to London, in Jan 1262/63 to Hereford, and in May to Worcester, all in connection with the disturbances in Wales.
He is said to have married Lucy, daughter of Robert Tregoz.

Lucy de TREGOZ [Parents] 1-T2601 # was born about 1210 in Ewyas Harold, Herefordshire. Lucy married Sir John III le STRANGE Lord of Knockin 2-S2602 # about 1225.

They had the following children.

  M i Sir John IV le STRANGE Lord of Knockin-S2504 was born about 1226. He died before 26/26 Feb 1275/1276.
  M ii Robert le STRANGE-S2503 # was born about 1228. He died in Aug 1276.
  F iii Hawise le STRANGE-S2505 was born about 1232.

Sir John IV le STRANGE Lord of Knockin [Parents] 1-S2504 was born about 1226. He died before 26/26 Feb 1275/1276. Sir married Joan de SOMERY 1-S2606 about 1245.

Joan de SOMERY 1-S2606. Joan married Sir John IV le STRANGE Lord of Knockin-S2504 about 1245.

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