Ancestors of Adam and Emma Jackson

Sir Reynold de GREY 1st Lord Grey of Wilton [Parents] 1, 2-G2501 # was born in 1234 in Sandiacre, Derbyshire. He died on 05 Apr 1308 in Wilton, Herefordshire. Reynold married Maud de LONGCHAMP-L2502 # in 1256 in Wilton, Herefordshire.

Reginald (or Reynold) de Grey, 1st Baron Grey de Wilton was an English nobleman for whom one of the four Inns of Court is named. He was son of Sir John de Grey and grandson of Henry de Grey. The property upon which Gray's Inn sits was once Portpoole Manor held by Reginald de Grey. De Grey was a descendant of the Norman knight Anchetil de Greye who accompanied William the Conqueror during the conquest of England.

He was High Sheriff of Nottinghamshire, Derbyshire and the Royal Forests and Constable of Chester Castle, Constable of Nottingham Castle (1265) and Constable of Northampton Castle (1267). He was Justice of Chester in 1270 and High Sheriff of Cheshire (1270–1274). In 1281 he was again Justice of Chester.

In 1282, he was one the three commanders appointed by Edward I of England in his campaign against Llywelyn ap Gruffydd, the rebellious Prince of Wales. This resulted in his being granted the Dyffryn Clwyd with its castle of Ruthin Castle. He was created 1st Baron Grey, of Wilton by writ on 29 May 1290. He was summoned to Parliament from 1295 to 1307

Maud de LONGCHAMP [Parents]-L2502 # was born in 1236 in Wilton, Herefordshire. She died in Nov 1302 in Wilton, Herefordshire. Maud married Sir Reynold de GREY 1st Lord Grey of Wilton-G2501 # in 1256 in Wilton, Herefordshire.

They had the following children.

  F i
Joan de GREY-G2402 was born in 1259 in Wilton, Herefordshire. She died in 1283 in Wigmore, Herefordshire.
  M ii Sir John de GREY 2nd Lord Grey of Wilton-G2401 # was born in 1268. He died on 28 Oct 1323.

Henry TUCHET 1, 2-T2603 was born in 1214 in Wollaton, Nottinghamshire. He died in 1242 in Wollaton, Nottinghamshire. Henry married Emma de AUDLEY 1, 2-A2602 # in 1241 in Wollaton, Nottinghamshire.

Emma de AUDLEY [Parents] 1, 2-A2602 # was born in 1224 in Heleigh, Staffordshire. She died after 10 Nov 1278. Emma married Henry TUCHET 1, 2-T2603 in 1241 in Wollaton, Nottinghamshire.

Other marriages:
MADOG, Gruffydd Maelor II ap Lord of Bromfield

Emma had a brother James de Audley.

Sir John de SEGRAVE-S2601 was born in 1209 in Seagrave, Leicestershire. He died in 1230 in Seagrave, Leicestershire. John married Emma de CAUZ-C2602 # in 1228 in Seagrave, Leicestershire.

Emma de CAUZ [Parents]-C2602 # was born in 1212 in Shalbourne, Wiltshire. She died in 1250 in Sandiacre, Derbyshire. Emma married Sir John de SEGRAVE-S2601 in 1228 in Seagrave, Leicestershire.

Other marriages:
GREY, John de

Roger de CAUZ [Parents]-C2702 # was born in 1179 in Shelford, Nottinghamshire. Roger married Nichole de LEIGH-L2704 # in 1207 in Shalbourne, Wiltshire.

Nichole de LEIGH [Parents]-L2704 # was born in 1185 in Thurleigh, Bedfordshire. Nichole married Roger de CAUZ-C2702 # in 1207 in Shalbourne, Wiltshire.

They had the following children.

  F i Emma de CAUZ-C2602 # was born in 1212. She died in 1250.

Anschetil de GREY [Parents]-G2901 # was born in 1105 in Rotherfield Greys, Oxfordshire. He died in 1160 in Rotherfield Greys, Oxfordshire. Anschetil married Eve.

Eve. Eve married Anschetil de GREY-G2901 #.

They had the following children.

  M i Robert de GREY-G2801 # was born about 1127.

Robert de CONDET-C2901 # was born in 1106 in Wickhambreux, Kent. He died on 10 Oct 1141 in South Carlton, Lincolnshire. Robert married Adeliza la MESCHIN-M2901 # in 1137 in South Carlton, Lincolnshire.

Adeliza la MESCHIN-M2901 # was born in 1099 in Gernon Castle, Normandy, France. Adeliza married Robert de CONDET-C2901 # in 1137 in South Carlton, Lincolnshire.

Other marriages:
CLARE, Richard FitzGilbert de

They had the following children.

  M i
Roger de CONDET-C2802 was born in 1138 in South Carlton, Lincolnshire. He died in 1201 in Horncastle, Lincolnshire.
  M ii
Robert de CONDET-C2803 was born in 1139 in South Carlton, Lincolnshire.
  F iii Isabel de CONDET-C2801 # was born in 1141.

Gilbert de l' AIGLE Lord of Pevensey 1, 2-A2801 was born in 1165 in Pevensey, Sussex. He died in Dec 1231 in Pevensey, Sussex. Gilbert married Isabella de WARENNE 3-W2801 in 1196 in Pevensey, Sussex.

Gilbert de l'Aigle gained the title of Lord of Pevensey.
In 1204 his lands were seized due to his opposition to King John but he later regained them between 1212 and 1216.

Isabella de WARENNE [Parents] 1-W2801 was born in 1173 in Lewes, Sussex. She died before 30 Nov 1234. Isabella married Gilbert de l' AIGLE Lord of Pevensey 2, 3-A2801 in 1196 in Pevensey, Sussex.

Other marriages:
LACY, Robert de

They had the following children.

  F i Alice de l' AIGLE-A2701 was born in 1197. She died in 1216.
  M ii
Gilbert de l' AIGLE-A2702 was born in 1199 in Pevensey, Sussex.
  M iii
Richer de l' AIGLE-A2703 was born in 1201 in Pevensey, Sussex.

Hugh de LONGCHAMP-L2802 # was born in 1120 in Wilton, Herefordshire. He died in 1165 in Wilton, Herefordshire. Hugh married Eve in 1150 in Wilton, Herefordshire.

Eve was born in 1130 in Wilton, Herefordshire. Eve married Hugh de LONGCHAMP-L2802 # in 1150 in Wilton, Herefordshire.

They had the following children.

  M i Henry de LONGCHAMP Sheriff of Hereford-L2701 # was born in 1151. He died in 1212.
  M ii
William de LONGCHAMP Bishop of Ely-L2705 was born in 1153 in Wilton, Herefordshire. He died on 31/31 Jan 1196/1197 in Poitiers, Vienne, France. He was buried in Le Pin, Poitou.

Official under Geoffrey, son of the King [later Archbishop of York], for the archdeaconry of Rouen.
Left Geoffrey, entered the service of Richard (as Duke of Aquitaine).
Chancellor for the duchy of Aquitaine, - 1189.
Chancellor of England on the accession of Richard, 1189.
Consecrated bishop of Ely, 31 Dec 1189. Chief Justiciar of England (together with Hugh Pudsey, bishop of Durham) during Richard's absence in France, Dec. 1189 - 1190. Commissioned as papal legate by Pope Clement III, 5 June 1190.
Justiciar of England during Richard's absence on Crusade (with intervening deposition and excommmunication), 1190-1194. d. at Poitiers, 31 Jan 1196/7 'His mother was probably a Lacy ' [DNB 111-112, cites Liber Niger. Scacc. ed. Hearns, p. 155]

William de Longchamp was a medieval chancellor of England, Chief Jusiticar and bishop of Ely. He was born in Normandy, and some of the later difficulties he had governing England for King Richard I of England may have been due to his differing views of government from the English. His family was humble, and he owed his advancement to royal favour. When Richard took the throne in 1189, Longchamp paid 3000 pounds for the office of Chancellor, and was soon named to the see or bishopric, of Ely. He was also named papal legate by the pope. While Richard was on the Third Crusade, Longchamp governed England, but his rule was contested by Richard's brother, John of England. Longchamp also had disputes with Richard and John's illegitimate brother Geoffrey, Archbishop of York. Eventually the conflicts led to Longchamp being driven from power and England, and he went to Germany to help secure the release of Richard from the German Emperor's custody. Although he retained the office of Chancellor after Richard's return from captivity, Longchamp never regained power in England, although he retained Richard's trust and was employed by the king until the bishop's death in 1197.

Early Life
William was born in Normandy, near Argenton. His father was Hugh de Longchamp, who held land in England also. Hugh Nonant, who was an opponent of Longchamp's, declared that the elder Longchamp was the son of a peasant, but this is unlikely. The medieval writer William of Newburgh claimed that Longchamp was "an obscure foreigner of unproven ability and loyalty". His family was originally of humble background, but had risen through service to King Henry II of England. He had a sister, Richeut, who married the castellan of Dover Castle. Among his brothers was Osbert, who remained a layman and owed much of his advancement to his brother. Other brothers were Stephen, who served King Richard I of England on crusade; Henry, another layman who became a sheriff along with Osbert; and Robert who became a monk. Another sister, Melisend, came to England with him, but otherwise is unknown. Longchamp entered public life at the close of Henry II's reign as official to the king's illegitimate son Geoffrey. He soon left Geoffrey for another of Henry's sons, Richard, Duke of Aquitaine; who made him chancellor of the Duchy of Aquitaine. He served in Henry II's chancery before he started serving Richard. He first distinguished himself at Paris, as Richard's envoy, when in 1189 he countered Henry's envoy, William Marshall, to Philip Augustus. Longchamp was already one of Richard's trusted advisors at this point.

Chancellor and Justiciar
On Richard's accession in 1189 Longchamp became chancellor of the kingdom. Longchamp paid 3000 pounds for the office of chancellor, and the increase in the price of having chancery documents sealed may have been expected to help Longchamp recoup the cost of office. At the council held at Pipewell on 15 September 1189, the king raised Longchamp to the see of Ely. Richard named three other bishops at the same time: Godfrey de Lucy to Winchester, Richard FitzNigel  to London, and Hubert Walter  to Salisbury. Richard of Devizes, the medieval chronicler, wrote that the four new bishops were "men of no little virtue and fame". He was consecrated on 31 December 1189 and enthroned at Ely on 6 January 1190. When Richard left England in December 1189, he put the tower of London in Longchamp's hands and chose him to share with Hugh de Puiset, the bishop of Durham, the office of chief justiciar. The two bishops did not get along, and in March 1190 Richard gave authority north of the Humber River to Hugh, and authority south of that river to Longchamp. By June, Longchamp had eased Hugh out of power and office. In June 1190 he received a commission as a papal legate from Pope Clement III. Supposedly this cost Richard 1500 marks to secure this for Longchamp from the papacy. While in office, the bishop granted to the citizens of London the right to elect their own sheriffs. They also acquired the right to collect and remit their monetary levy of 300 pounds direct to the Exchequer. Longchamp's visitations to his diocese were accompanied with a large train of retainers and animals, and they became notorious throughout the country as a sign of his extravagance. Under he legatine authority, the bishop held church councils at Gloucester and Westminster in 1190. He also acted to restore authority in York, which had suffered a breakdown in order with the massacre of Jews in March 1190. Also in 1190, he sent an army against Rhys ap Gruffydd, a Welsh prince who was attempting to throw off the control of the marcher lords that surrounded Wales.

Disputes with John
Longchamp's relations with the English people were made more difficult because the bishop was a native of Normandy, and often insensitive to the differing customs in England. Throughout 1190, Longchamp's relations with Richard's younger brother John had been difficult. This led to Longchamp besieging Lincoln Castle because the castellan would not surrender the castle and allow himself to be replaced by Longchamp's nominee.[19] The castellan, Gerard de Camville, had also sworn homage to John and stated he would no longer recognize the chancellor's authority. In response, John took the two castles of Tickhill and Northampton. News of the disagreements reached Richard, who sent Walter de Coutances, Archbishop of Rouen back to England in late spring of 1191 with orders to try and negotiate a peace between John and Longchamp. Eventually, Walter reached a compromise between the two where Gerard was confirmed as castellan and John relinquished the castles. Longchamp also agreed to work to ensure John's succession to the throne if Richard died. Longchamp's legatine commission had expired in the spring of 1191 with the death of Pope Clement III, which removed one of Longchamp's power bases. By the middle of summer in 1191, Clement's successor Celestine III had renewed the legation. But in September 1191 Henry II's son Geoffrey, now Archbishop of York, was arrested by Longchamp's subordinates when he landed at Dover. The leader of the subordinates was the castellan of Dover Castle, Longchamp's brother-in-law. Their orders had been to arrest the archbishop of York, but Geoffrey had warning of their plans, and fled to sanctuary in St. Martin's Priory. Longchamp's men laid siege to the Priory, and after four days forcibly removed Geoffrey from the priory. The violence of the attack against Geoffrey reminded the public of Thomas Becket's martyrdom, and public opinion turned against the bishop. An intense propaganda campaign led by partisans of John, then ensued. A leader of the campaign against Longchamp was Hugh Nonant, Bishop of Coventry, who along with other magnates convened a trial on 5 October 1191 at Lodden Bridge near London. Longchamp did not attend the trial, which declared Longchamp deposed. The bishops excommunicated him, and after trying to hold the Tower of London, Longchamp was forced to surrender due to lack of support from the citizens of London. The council then declared his offices forfeit, and ordered the surrender of the castles in his custody. The main charge against Longchamp appears to have been his autocratic behavior. Longchamp then went to Dover  to seek transport to the continent. While there, he attempted to leave England in disguise, but was unsuccessful. Various stories were told of his disguises, which varied from a monk's habit to women's clothes. Hugh Nonant wrote that Longchamp attempted to hide in prostitute's garb, which led to the bishop being assaulted by a fisherman who mistook him for a whore. Eventually, Longchamp managed to leave England on 29 October.

Exile and Return
Longchamp journeyed to the court of the Henry VI, Holy Roman Emperor, who was holding King Richard I captive at Trifels. The bishop arranged with the emperor for Richard to be held at the imperial court, and also worked out a payment plan for the ransom, which totaled 100,000 marks. The emperor agreed to release Richard once 70,000 marks of the ransom had been paid and hostages for the payment of the rest had been received. When the emperor in January 1194 called a meeting of the imperial magnates to debate King Philip II of France's offer to pay the emperor to keep Richard captive, Longchamp attended along with Walter of Coutances and Eleanor of Aquitaine, Richard's mother. After further diplomatic wrangling, Richard was freed on 4 February 1194. The bishop returned to England with Richard, and was soon embroiled in the renewal of his disagreement with Archbishop Geoffrey of York. Richard rewarded Longchamp with custody of Eye, as well as appointment as Sheriff of Essex and Hertfordshire. Richard continued to use Longchamp in diplomacy, for it was the bishop who arranged a truce with King Philip in 1194. Longchamp was back at the emperor's court in 1195. The king also retained Longchamp as chancellor, but the main power in England became Hubert Walter. Longchamp did not return to England after he left with Richard in May 1194.

Death and Legacy
He died in January of 1197, at Poitiers while on a diplomatic mission to Rome for Richard. He was buried at the abbey of Le Pin. Longchamp was often described as short and ugly in his life, and the historian Austin Lane Poole says that Gerald of Wales described the bishop as more like an ape than a man. Some of the attacks against him included claims that he was homosexual. His brother Osbert was made sheriff of Yorkshire by William. He promoted the careers of his brothers, with both Henry and Osbert becoming sheriffs in the 1190s. His clerical brother Robert also benefited, as he became prior of the Ely cathedral chapter and later abbot of St. Mary's in York. Longchamp wrote a work on law entitled Practica legum et decretorum, which was a manual on the usage of both civil and canon law in Angevin possessions on the continent. He was a cultured man, and well educated. One of Longchamp's innovations as chancellor was the replacement of the first person singular previously used to refer to the king with a first person plural. However, it appears likely that Longchamp did not speak English, as during his attempted escape in late 1191, he was unable to answer the local people when they spoke to him in English. John Gillingham, the historian, wrote that Longchamp's "record of his life in politics and administration was a good one, spoiled only by his failure in 1191." However, Gerald of Wales disliked him, and called him that "monster with many heads". Much of the information on his career comes from people hostile to him, but he was supported by others, including Pope Clement III, who when he appointed Longchamp legate, wrote that he did so at the urging of the English bishops. Some have seen in assembly that met to try Longchamp in 1191 a precursor to the gathering at Runnymede in 1215 that drew up Magna Carta.
  M iii
Osbert de LONGCHAMP Sheriff of Yorkshire-L2706 was born in 1155 in Wilton, Herefordshire.
  F iv
Richeut de LONGCHAMP-L2707 was born in 1157 in Wilton, Herefordshire.
  F v
Maud de LONGCHAMP-L2708 was born in 1159 in Wilton, Herefordshire.
  M vi
Stephen de LONGCHAMP-L2709 was born in 1161 in Wilton, Herefordshire.
  M vii
Robert de LONGCHAMP-L2710 was born in 1164 in Wilton, Herefordshire. He died in 1236.

With the help of his brother William, Robert became prior of the Ely Cathedral chapter and later Abbot of St Mary's in York.

Sir John de GREY 2nd Lord Grey of Wilton [Parents] 1-G2401 # was born in 1268 in Wilton, Herefordshire. He died on 28 Oct 1323 in Wilton, Herefordshire. He was buried about 18 Nov 1323. John married Maud de VERDUN-V2401 # in Wilton, Herefordshire.

JOHN DE GREY, 2nd Lord Grey of  Wilton, of Wilton, Herefordshire, Ruthin, Dyffryn-Clwyd etc., in Wales, Water Eaton and Over Bletchley (both in Bletchley), Buckinghamshire. Shirland, Derbyshire, Hemingford Grey and Yelling,  Huntingdonshire, etc., he married before 1276 (date of fine), MAUD DE VERDUN, daughter by her father's 2nd marriage.  

Justiciar of North Wales and Keeper of the King's castles and lands in those parts, patron of  Harrold Priory, son and heir of Reynold de Grey, Knt., of Ruthin. Denbighshire, Shirland, Derbyshire, Water Eaton and Over Bletchley (both in Bletchley), Buckinghamshire, etc,, and, in right of his wife, of Wilton, Herefordshire, justiciar of Chester, by Maud, daughter and heiress of  Henry de Longchamp, Knt., of Wilton Castle, Herefordshire.  He was born about 1268 (aged 40 in 1308). Her maritagium included a messuage and lands in Debden, Essex, They had two sons, Henry, Knt. [3rd Lord Grey of Wilton) and Roger, Knt. [1st Lord Grey of  Ruthin], and three daughters, Iseult, Maud and Joan (wife of Ralph Basset, 2nd Lord Basset of Drayton). She was heiress in 1285 to her brother, Humphrey de Verdun, clerk.  He was summoned to Parliament from 4 March 1308/9 to 18 Sept. 1322, by writs directed  Johanni de Grey.  In 1310 he founded a collegiate church at Ruthin, Denbighshire.  He was appointed one of the Lords Ordainers in 1310.  In 1311 he settled his Welsh estates of Ruthin, Dyffryn-Clwyd, etc,, and the manors of Hemingford Grey and Yelling. Huntingdonshire on himself, with reversion to his younger son, Roger.  He was actively employed in the Scottish wars of King Edward II, and was at the Battle of Bannockburn 24 June 1314. He accompanied the King to France in 1320 and to Scotland in 1322. JOHN GREY, 2nd Lord Grey of Wilton, died testate 28 Oct. 1323, and was buried about 18 Nov. 1323.

Maud de VERDUN [Parents]-V2401 # was born in 1263 in Alton, Staffordshire. Maud married Sir John de GREY 2nd Lord Grey of Wilton 1-G2401 # in Wilton, Herefordshire.